Caribou hunting is not common among the hunting adventures of today. It occurs in the arctic or the sub-arctic regions. Nonetheless, there are still many outdoor enthusiasts who desire this hunt. For those adventure seekers, there are lots of caribou to hunt. Unless you are a resident of the arctic region, you will surely need a few guidelines and most likely a wilderness guide to take you through.
You should decide on the season and the type of caribou hunting you are planning: such as by Bow, Muzzleloader or by rifle.
When choosing a guide, make sure they are from [or very familiar with] Alaska or Canada. They need to be knowledgeable of the terrain. Ask about transportation such as airlifting to gain access to the herds of Caribou.
Clothing is next in importance: camouflage is mandatory. Ask your guide for recommendations regarding camouflage pattern. Be sure to wear warm clothing. Start with a base layer then add additional layers as needed. If you find yourself too warm, peel off layers until you achieve the desired body temperature. Avoid cotton clothing! Moisture must be able to escape the surface of your skin and evaporate to avoid sweat buildup and wet clothing. Failure to wear moisture wicking clothing [such as polypropylene and/or synthetic fleece] can rapidly lead to hypothermia.
If your adventure takes you into or through Canada, make preparations with the Canadian Customs to transport and/or use firearms in their country. Again, your guide will be able to assist you with these transactions. It is important that you take your guides advice seriously. Remember that while you may be efficient in hunting, your guide is more experienced with the terrain, herd, customs and local traditions.
Caribou hunting is an exciting adventure so plan for a minimum of 6 to 8 days. Since caribou are hunted mainly for their hides, the best season would begin after the second week of September. This is when Caribou will shed their old skin and get new ones.